Bogotá's lesson in crime fighting
The numbers speak volumes. Considered the most violent city in Latin America in the mid 90’s with a homicide rate of 80 per hundred thousand inhabitants, Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia and home to seven million people, saw its murder rate drop by 71% in 10 years to 23 homicides per hundred thousand inhabitants. The expected rate for 2006 is approximately 18 homicides per hundred thousand inhabitants.
The change is the result of an integrated and participatory security policy first adopted in 1995 and carried through the next two administrations. These were the first of Bogotá’s administrations to frame security problems locally, from the ground up.
According to Sociologist Hugo Acero Velásquez, who headed the Bogotá’s Sub-Office for Security for 8 years, the secret for a successful security plan is the participation of all sectors of society.
In this dossier we compile news reports and articles, and list useful sources for those interested in knowing more on the subject.
Violência urbana: O ‘aço’ que domou Bogotá (Portuguese)
From the Brazilian newspaper "O Dia".
Sources in Spanish:
Seguridad Cidadana y Policia (Spanish, PDF)
Gerard Martin and Miguel Ceballos
Bogotá's success story, an article by Hugo Acero Velásquez
Marcaje y rastreo de munición: Indumil en Colombia - Katherine Aguirre e Jorge Restrepo (In Spanish)